Plastic surgery is a field of medical science that focuses on reconstructing and altering human body parts. It is divided into two main categories: cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery. Cosmetic surgery includes craniofacial surgery and hand surgery, while reconstructive surgery focuses on treating conditions such as burns.
Cosmetic surgery includes procedures to improve appearance and correct physical defects resulting from trauma, aging, or diseases such as cancer. Reconstructive plastic surgery addresses functional impairments due to fractures, burns, developmental anomalies, and trauma. It can also correct cleft lips and palates. Cosmetic surgeons also provide procedures that improve the appearance of patients, such as injectables.
The field of plastic surgery requires advanced technical knowledge and special skill. Surgical techniques include complex wound management, the placement of implantable materials, and tumor removal. In addition, plastic surgeons have been prominent in the development of novel procedures, such as microvascular surgery, cranio-maxillofacial surgery, and liposuction. Besides technical expertise, plastic surgeons are expected to possess excellent interpersonal skills.
The scope of plastic surgery is so vast that there are many specialties within the field. A plastic surgeon can deal with virtually every type of physical defect – from birth defects to cancer – as well as reconstructive defects. A plastic surgeon’s job is highly creative, and their specialty requires them to collaborate with other doctors in multidisciplinary teams to achieve the best results.